How to create a Ruby on Rails application .

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This tutorial assumes you have already completed:


Ruby on Rails is a great framework widely used by many small, medium, as well as large organizations. In the web world, ruby provides a great tool for prototyping and getting your ideas executed really, really fast..

Ruby on Rails is not a language. It is a set of tools developed in the Ruby language and it allows you not to worry about all the configurations that you need to go through when starting your project.

When I was starting to learn to code, not having to setup my project architecture was an awesome thing. If I had to go through all the setup and configurations, I wouldn't have learned how to actually write code.

Ruby on Rails competes with various frameworks using other languages such as Python, Java, Php and most recently node.js

It has many advantages such as a robust and generous community, great documentation, great security features and most of all, it's easy to learn and use for very fast development. To give you an idea, this website has been built from scratch in about 20 hours using Ruby on Rails. At the time of writing, this website allows users to create an account, access premium content, comment on it, add custom avatars and submit questions via a contact page. Administrators can manage content generated on the platform, browse analytics, receive reports on new users signed up, and questions asked via the contact page.

Step 1: Create the App

Creating the app is very easy. In case you didn't install Ruby on Rails on your machine yet, go to this page and follow the instructions.
Then, come back here, open your terminal and write:

$ cd Documents 	# open directory "Documents"
$ mkdir projects 	# create new folder "projects" inside "Documents"
$ cd projects 	# open directory "projects"
$ rails new demo 	# generate new application

After you run this command it should give you something like this:

	create  
    create  README.rdoc
    create  Rakefile
    create  config.ru
    create  .gitignore
    create  Gemfile
    create  app
    create  app/assets/javascripts/application.js
    create  app/assets/stylesheets/application.css
    create  app/controllers/application_controller.rb
    create  app/helpers/application_helper.rb
    create  app/views/layouts/application.html.erb
    create  app/assets/images/.keep
    create  app/mailers/.keep
    create  app/models/.keep
    create  app/controllers/concerns/.keep
    create  app/models/concerns/.keep
    create  bin
    create  bin/bundle
    create  bin/rails
    create  bin/rake
    create  config
    create  config/routes.rb
    create  config/application.rb
    create  config/environment.rb
    create  config/secrets.yml
    create  config/environments
    create  config/environments/development.rb
    create  config/environments/production.rb
    create  config/environments/test.rb
    create  config/initializers
    create  config/initializers/backtrace_silencers.rb
    create  config/initializers/cookies_serializer.rb
    create  config/initializers/filter_parameter_logging.rb
    create  config/initializers/inflections.rb
    create  config/initializers/mime_types.rb
    create  config/initializers/session_store.rb
    create  config/initializers/wrap_parameters.rb
    create  config/locales
    create  config/locales/en.yml
    create  config/boot.rb
    create  config/database.yml
    create  db
    create  db/seeds.rb
    create  lib
    create  lib/tasks
    create  lib/tasks/.keep
    create  lib/assets
    create  lib/assets/.keep
    create  log
    create  log/.keep
    create  public
    create  public/404.html
    create  public/422.html
    create  public/500.html
    create  public/favicon.ico
    create  public/robots.txt
    create  test/fixtures
    create  test/fixtures/.keep
    create  test/controllers
    create  test/controllers/.keep
    create  test/mailers
    create  test/mailers/.keep
    create  test/models
    create  test/models/.keep
    create  test/helpers
    create  test/helpers/.keep
    create  test/integration
    create  test/integration/.keep
    create  test/test_helper.rb
    create  tmp/cache
    create  tmp/cache/assets
    create  vendor/assets/javascripts
    create  vendor/assets/javascripts/.keep
    create  vendor/assets/stylesheets
    create  vendor/assets/stylesheets/.keep
    run  bundle install

Running this command may take a while. Your computer is now downloading all the necessary components to build your application and will notify you when it's complete:

	Fetching gem metadata from https://rubygems.org/..........
	Fetching additional metadata from https://rubygems.org/..
	Resolving dependencies...
	Installing rake 10.3.1
	Using i18n 0.6.9
	Using json 1.8.1
	Using minitest 5.3.3
	Using thread_safe 0.3.3
	Using tzinfo 1.1.0
	Using activesupport 4.1.0
	Using builder 3.2.2
	Using erubis 2.7.0
	Using actionview 4.1.0
	Using rack 1.5.2
	Using rack-test 0.6.2
	Using actionpack 4.1.0
	Using mime-types 1.25.1
	Using polyglot 0.3.4
	Using treetop 1.4.15
	Using mail 2.5.4
	Using actionmailer 4.1.0
	Using activemodel 4.1.0
	Using arel 5.0.1.20140414130214
	Using activerecord 4.1.0
	Using bundler 1.6.2
	Installing coffee-script-source 1.7.0
	Installing execjs 2.0.2
	Installing coffee-script 2.2.0
	Using thor 0.19.1
	Using railties 4.1.0
	Installing coffee-rails 4.0.1
	Using hike 1.2.3
	Installing multi_json 1.9.3
	Installing jbuilder 2.0.6
	Installing jquery-rails 3.1.0
	Using tilt 1.4.1
	Installing sprockets 2.11.0
	Using sprockets-rails 2.1.3
	Using rails 4.1.0
	Installing rdoc 4.1.1
	Installing sass 3.2.19
	Installing sass-rails 4.0.3
	Installing sdoc 0.4.0
	Installing spring 1.1.2
	Installing sqlite3 1.3.9
	Installing turbolinks 2.2.2
	Installing uglifier 2.5.0
	Your bundle is complete!
	Use `bundle show [gemname]` to see where a bundled gem is installed.
	Post-install message from rdoc:
	Depending on your version of ruby, you may need to install ruby rdoc/ri data:

	<= 1.8.6 : unsupported
 	 = 1.8.7 : gem install rdoc-data; rdoc-data --install
	 = 1.9.1 : gem install rdoc-data; rdoc-data --install
	>= 1.9.2 : nothing to do! Yay!
         run  bundle exec spring binstub --all
	* bin/rake: spring inserted
	* bin/rails: spring inserted

Step 2: Open the source

You're almost done. Your application is now ready to go. We can now open it and see the source code:

$ cd demo
$ ls

The "ls" command will list all the contents of the directory. At this point you can also open it in your finder. Simply, go to Documents/projects/demo . If you want to understand better  about commands like "ls" or "cd", check this cheatsheet.

Step 3: Run the Application

In the terminal, type:

$ rails server
	=> Booting WEBrick
	=> Rails 4.1.0 application starting in development on http://0.0.0.0:3000
	=> Run `rails server -h` for more startup options
	=> Notice: server is listening on all interfaces (0.0.0.0). Consider using 127.0.0.1 (--binding option)
	=> Ctrl-C to shutdown server
	[2014-04-28 10:46:11] INFO  WEBrick 1.3.1
	[2014-04-28 10:46:11] INFO  ruby 2.1.1 (2014-02-24) [x86_64-darwin13.0]
	[2014-04-28 10:46:11] INFO  WEBrick::HTTPServer#start: pid=60252 port=3000

This will start rails server to "listen" in on port 3000. To see what that means, open your internet browser and type the address: http://localhost:3000

Boilerplate application in Ruby On Rails splash screen

This is how your application looks. We didn't write any code yet, but Rails comes with this interface built in to help us make sure everything works as intended. We will change it very soon to perform all the tasks we may want to have in mind.

You can only run one server on port 3000. If you already have one application running when you may want to start another otherwise it may give you an error. So make sure you stop the server after you're done by pressing "control + C" on Mac.

Also, it's a good idea to start using a dedicated editor at this point to write code. Technically, you can write code in almost any text editor as simple as Windows Notepad but a plethora of free and great code editors make it a lot easier for you. So go ahead and download Sublime Text if you haven't so far. Once you're done, open "demo" folder in the editor to browse all your source code.

If you login you will be able to mark this tutorial as finished to track your progress



Comments

  • On: Frank wrote:

    As I do this it asks if I want to overwrite the secrets file from another application. I say 'N' but I do not seem to be able to finalize this process. DO you need to do this differently if you have already created other Rails apps? Thanks - Going through this now for the second time!
  • On: Frank wrote:

    Got it now, it just took some time!
  • On: David wrote:

    Hi, in case we need run two application rails, execute:

    rails s => Default port 3000 / rails s -p 1981 => In this case use port 1981 ( localhost:1981 ).

    Sorry my English is soso hehehe

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